The Mental Health Association of Hong Kong
 
 
 
簡體
 
本會會刊 journal

HONG KONG JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH  Volume 38 No.2 Winter 2012

                Copyright 2012 by the Mental Health Association of Hong Kong

 

Mental Health Promotion:Challenges, Opportunities, and Future Directions
Paul S F Yip Jenny M Y Huen Eliza S Y Lai
The Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention,
The University of Hong Kong

 

Abstract
This paper reviews a public health approach to mental health and illustrates its application to the development of a local mental health promotion programme. The challenges of the public health approach being limited to mental illness prevention and the opportunities of expanding the approach by incorporating mental wellness enhancement are discussed. An integrated framework of mental illness prevention and mental wellness enhancement is proposed. Some working examples of preventive constructs associated with mental illness prevention and positive constructs associated with mental wellness enhancement are given. For future directions, this integrated framework could be used in designing and evaluating mental health promotion programmes.
Keywords: Positive Mental Health, Mental Health Promotion Programme, Public Health Approach

摘要
精神健康推廣:挑戰、機會及未來方向


本文從公共衛生的方向來探討精神健康的發展,並運用一個本地的精神健康推廣課程為例以說明如何應用此方向來發展精神健康推廣課程。目前公共衛生的方向因局限於預防精神病而面對挑戰,而融入提昇精神健康的元素是擴展其方向的機遇。基於這些挑戰與機遇,本文繼而引入一個綜合預防精神病及提昇精神健康的發展框架。一些用以預防精神病和提昇精神健康的相關概念會被用作為範例。這綜合的框架未來可用於設計和評估精神健康推廣課程。
 

回頁首 top

 

Life Meanings and Goals:The Core Stone of Positive Well-being and a Flourished Life
Anthony Tong
Department of Clinical Psychology,
Kowloon East Cluster, Hospital Authority

 

Abstract
“What is the meaning of life?” is probably the most cherished question ever asked by human beings. This paper aims to discuss this question from a psychological perspective and elucidate the importance of life meanings and goal pursuit in our psychological well-being and positive mental health. A meaning-oriented mindset is found to be the core stone of positive psychology and flourished living. It is necessary to distinguish the different meanings of meaning, such as meaning-as-significance and meaning-ascomprehensibility, as well as the global meaning of life and the situational meaning in life. Life meanings are often actualized through concrete goal pursuits which are shown to be a major benchmark for the experience of well-being. The differences between intrinsic goals and extrinsic goals, as well as approach goals and avoidant goals were highlighted. Lastly, the clinical implications and applications of life meanings and goals with reference to various meaning- or goal-oriented psychotherapies were discussed in this paper.
Keywords: meaning of life, goal striving, positive well-being

摘要
人生意義與目標:正向心理與豐盛人生的基石


人生意義乃人類自有文明以來不斷尋索的問題,本文從心理學,尤其是正向心理學的角度來探討這重要課題,並指出生活意義與目標對心理健康極為重要,乃正向心理與豐盛人生的基石。本文嘗試區分生命整體意義與生活中的意義,而目標的追求乃意義的具體體現。目標亦可分為內在目標和外在目標,而兩者與正向心理的關係各異。最後,本文介紹各種的意義或目標為本的心理治療手法及其與提升心理健康的關係。
 

回頁首 top

 

Virtues and Positive Mental Health
W J Duan Y Bai
School of Culture and Social Development
Studies,Southwest University
Rocfly Academy of Education,
Institute of Education, Tsinghua University

 

X Q Tang P Y Siu P Y Siu Raymond K H Chan Samuel M Y Ho
Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong

 

Abstract
The present study explored the relationship between Chinese virtues and life satisfaction among Hong Kong sample and the Mainland sample. A total of 729 undergraduate students completed the 96-item Chinese Virtues Questionnaire (CVQ) and Satisfaction with Life Scale. Among the three virtues measured by the CVQ, Interpersonal, Vitality and Cautiousness, no significant differences were found between participants from Hong Kong and the Mainland. However, the life satisfaction of Hong Kong sample was significantly higher than that of the Mainland sample. Our results also showed a significant positive relationship between virtue and life satisfaction. We concluded that the three virtues had cross-cultural consistency among Chinese subcultures. Future research direction was discussed.
Keywords: virtues, life satisfaction, cross-culture

摘要
美德及正面心理健康


當前研究以香港和大陸樣本探索了中華美德和生活滿意度之間的關係。一共729名大學本科生完成了96個題項的中華美德問卷和生活滿意度量表。結果顯示,無論樣本來自香港還是大陸,三個美德(人際、活力和謹慎)都與生活滿意度顯著正相關,而且這三個美德在兩個樣本之間不存在顯著差異。然而,香港樣本的生活滿意度卻顯著高於大陸。我們的結果揭示三個美德在中國亞文化內具有跨文化一致性。同時還討論了該領域未來的研究方向。
 

回頁首 top

 

Health-in-Mind: Effectiveness of a School-based Mental Health Awareness Programme in Hong Kong
  Silvia S W Lee T L Lo Clara W L Ma Raymond W S Chan  
Kwai Chung Hospital

 

Abstract
Objectives: This study aimed to measure the effectiveness of a local schoolbased mental health awareness programme in improving participants’ mental health knowledge and stigmatizing attitude towards individuals suffering from mental illnesses.
Method: Students were recruited from 10 local secondary schools to participate in a 2-year programme which included educational workshops on various mental health issues and interactive activities with psychiatric institutes’ service users. Questionnaires containing measures on mental health knowledge and attitude towards mental illnesses were distributed to students pre and post programme. 147 valid questionnaires were collected, with students aged between 14 to 18. Results: Data analyses showed significant improvement in both mental health knowledge and attitude post programme.
Conclusion: The study provided evidence to the effectiveness of the school-based programme in promoting mental health awareness and counteracting psychiatric stigma among adolescents.
Keywords: school-based, mental health awareness programme, psychiatric stigma

摘要
「Teen使行動」-- 校本精神健康推廣計劃之成效研究


目的:研究校本精神健康推廣計劃為提升青少年的精神健康知識及改善歧視態度之成效。
方法:本地10間中學的學生受邀參與為期2年的精神健康推廣計劃,內容包括教育講座及與精神病服務機構使用者之亙動活動。問卷分別於計劃進行前及完成後分發予學生。研究成功收取147份有效問卷,參與學生年齡介乎14至18歲。
結論:數據分析顯示學生參與計劃後,其精神健康知識及對精神病之態度都有明顯進步。結果證明本計劃對推動青少年精神健康及改善歧視態度有正面成效。
 

回頁首 top

 

Effectiveness of Early Intervention Programs for Anxiety in the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Community Support Project (CAMcom)
  Ann S Y Wong C P Tang Raymond W S Chan  
Kwai Chung Hospital

 

Abstract
This study evaluated the effectiveness of early intervention programs for anxiety using cognitive behavioral therapy approach. A total of 8,058 Hong Kong Chinese students aged 6 to 15 were screened for anxiety symptoms using parental report or adolescents’ self-report. After individual screening, 188 students were identified with mild to moderate anxiety symptoms and were assigned to 6-session school-based group interventions. Results suggested that there were significant reduction in anxiety symptoms at post intervention phase. Significant reduction in associated emotional and behavioral problems was also recorded respectively. All in all, the preliminary result supported the effectiveness of early intervention programs for anxiety in local community context.
Keywords: Early intervention, Anxiety, Prevention

摘要
兒童及青少年精神健康社區支援計劃(兒情計劃)


兒童及青少年精神健康社區支援計劃(兒情計劃)自二零零五年成立以來,為受焦慮及抑鬱情緒困擾的兒童及青少年提供及早識別和介入服務,及適切的社區支援服務。在二零一一至二零一二年間,一共為八千零五十八名學生進行了及早識別篩選,透過家長及兒童問卷了解焦慮程度。我們邀請了其中一百八十八位有輕微焦慮症狀的學生及其家長接受為期六節的焦慮情緒管理小組。結果發現,焦慮情緒管理小組能有效地減輕學生的焦慮症狀,而相關的情緒及行為問題亦有明顯的改善。是次研究初步反映焦慮情緒管理小組的成效,建議於本地進行更多相類型的服務及研究以協助學生盡早脫離情緒困擾,重投正常生活。
 

回頁首 top

主頁 > 資訊園地 > 本會會刊 > Volume38 No.2 Winter 2012
MHAHK Facebook Suggest
意見查詢 Suggest
捐贈本會 Donation

line

主頁 > 資訊園地 > 本會會刊 > Volume38 No.2 Winter 2012